Jumat, 31 Agustus 2012

BREAST CANCER


What is breast cancer?
 

If at some point in our body there are growth of the cells is excessive, there will be a lump or tumor. These tumors can be benign or malignant. A malignant tumor is called cancer. Malignant tumors have unique properties, which can spread to other parts of the body to develop into new tumors. The spread is called metastasis. Cancer has different characteristics. There is growing rapidly, there is growing not too fast, such as breast cancer.

The first breast cancer cells can grow into tumors of 1 cm at the time of 8-12 years. Cancer cells are quiescent in the mammary gland. Breast cancer cells can spread via the blood stream throughout the body. When the deployment is taking place, we do not know. Breast cancer cells can hide inside our bodies for years without knowing, and suddenly active malignant or cancerous.
Cancer progression
Stage I (early stage)
Tumor size of not more than 2 - 2.25 cm, and there is no spread (metastases) in axillary lymph nodes. In stage I, the possibility of a perfect cure was 70%. To check for the presence or absence of metastases to other parts of the body, must be examined in the laboratory.
Stage II
The tumor was larger than 2.25 cm and has occurred metastases in lymph nodes in the armpit. At this stage, it is likely to recover only 30-40% depending on the extent of spread of cancer cells. In stage I and II are usually performed surgery to remove cancer cells that exist in all parts of the deployment, and radiation after surgery performed to ensure there are no more cancer cells left behind.
Stage III
The tumor was quite large, the cancer cells have spread throughout the body, and the possibility to live a little. Breast treatment had no meaning anymore. Radiation treatment is usually only done and chemotherapie (administration of drugs that can kill cancer cells). Sometimes also performed surgery to remove the breast that is severe. This business is only to inhibit the growth of cancer cells in the body and to alleviate the suffering of patients as much as possible.
Prevention of early
Need to know, that 9 out of 10 women found a lump in her breast. For primary prevention, to do yourself. Inspection should be done after completion of the menstrual period. Before menstruation, breast slightly swollen, making it hard examination. How examinations are as follows:
• Stand in front of the mirror and see if there are abnormalities in the breast. Usually both breasts are not the same, nor nipples located at the same height. Notice if there are wrinkles, indentations, or nipple drawn into. When there is disorder or blood or discharge from the nipple, immediately go to the doctor.
• Put your arms above your head and look back both breasts.
• Bend the body until the breasts hanging down, and check again.
• Lie down on the bed and put your left hand behind your head and a pillow under your left shoulder. Touch the left breast with your right fingers. Check if there is a lump in the breast. Then check also if there is a lump or swelling in the left armpit.
• Check and Touch nipple and surrounding areas. In general, the mammary gland when touched with your fingers will feel supple and easy to move. If there is a tumor, it will feel hard and can not be moved (can not be moved from its place). If you feel there is a lump the size of 1 cm or more, immediately go to the doctor. The earlier treatment, more likely to recover completely
• Do the same thing for breast and right armpit.
Treatment of advanced
When you find a lump, a doctor may recommend examination mammografie. Mammografie is a breast examination by means of X-rays and an examination of how a simple, painless, and only takes 5-10 minutes. The best time to undergo mammografie was a week after menstruation. The trick is to put the alternate breasts between 2 sheets of ironing, then X-rays are made from top to bottom and then from left to right. The images will be examined by a specialist radiologist. A lump of 0.25 cm can already be seen on a mammogram.
Another way is with a small operation to take a sample of tissue (biopsy) from the lump, and then examined under a microscope anatomic pathology laboratory. If known and confirmed that the lump was cancerous, then the breast should be removed entirely to avoid spreading to other parts of the body.
Who should undergo mammografie?
• Women aged over 50 years.
• Women who have a mother or sister who had breast cancer.
• Women who had undergone removal of one breast. Women in this group should be in supervision.
• Women who have never given birth children. Apparently the group is often found against breast cancer.
Health - 10 Ways to Prevent Breast Cancer
July 1, 2004 16:12:28

Recent research shows that breast cancer is the number one health concern for women in the UK. But statistics also show nine out of ten people want to change their lifestyle to reduce the risk of disease.

There are certain steps that every woman can do to help reduce the chances of developing breast cancer. Here are 10 tips that can help prevent breast cancer:
• Awareness of the breast itself
More than 90% of breast tumors detected by women themselves. Perrhatikan any changes in the breast become an important part of women's health care. Currently, women are advised to be "breast aware". This means that women should know what their breasts in front of the mirror, and feel while bathing or lying at different periods every month so if there are abnormal changes can be seen immediately.
• Give milk to babies
Some penelitin showed no association between breastfeeding and reduced risk of developing breast cancer although there is no clear agreement on this. The researchers claim that the younger and older mothers breastfeeding at banyinya is getting better. This is based on the theory that breast cancer associated with estrogen. Breastfeeding will periodically reduce the level of these hormones.
• If you find a lump, see a doctor immediately
Research shows many women defer to a doctor if they find a lump in her breast, they are afraid of having cancer. This is the worst thing they do. If you find a lump, consult a doctor immediately as this will help to calm the mind. If the lump is cancer, please make the appropriate treatment to save lives.
• Find out if there is a family history of breast cancer
Still need more research to fully understand all the causes of breast cancer. But one thing you need to believe is the factor genes. This factor is at least 10% of all breast cancer cases. It is considered to be one in 500 people carry genes that make them suspected of having the disease.
• Pay attention to alcohol consumption
In some studies, alcohol has nothing to do with cancer. This is based on the fact that alcohol increases estrogen.
• Watch your weight
Obesity appears to menngkatkan risk of breast cancer. The researchers found women with a weight of 44 to 55 pounds after age 18 have a 40% higher risk of cancer than those who change only 4 or 5 pounds during adolescence.
• Exercise regularly
Some studies suggest that exercise can reduce the risk of breast cancer. This is because research shows that the lack of exercise, the higher the level esrogen in the body.
• Reduce fatty foods
There is much debate about the relationship of breast cancer with diet. But there is evidence that certain western lifestyle appears to increase the risk of disease.
• If more than 50 years, doing regular breast screening
Although much research is still needed to determine the causes of breast cancer, one of the major factor is the age factor. 80% of breast cancers occur in women aged over 50 years.
• Learn to relax
Many noted that stress can cause all kinds of health problems. Although there are still a lot of debate over these findings, lower stress levels will be beneficial to overall health, including the risk of breast cancer.
Breast Cancer Not the End


Preferential
Smoking may increase the risk of breast cancer

JAKARTA - For most people, cancer verdict could mean the end of everything, as if the death before the eyes. Advances in medical technology while allowing the cancer can be detected early and spread of cancer cells could be inhibited more quickly so that life expectancy was longer. In addition, the will to live is the main therapy of cancer treatment.
A woman aged in their 30s holding a mike with a trembling hand, said that she had undergone a mastectomy (breast removal surgery) due to his cancer. Despite all the relatives and the doctors say that age is a matter for the Lord, nevertheless he was very afraid of the coming of death. "I wish there was a support group that can help each other to deal with the pain and strengthen it," he said in a voice not to cry in open discussion on breast cancer treatment Cancer Hospital Dharmais held in Jakarta recently.
He did not want to ask the speaker, a physician who is one of the cancer experts at RS Dharmais. He just wants to complain, as the majority of other women who attended the forum, about breast cancer that eats away at their health. But nevertheless, dr. Sutjipto, who was a resource person Sp.B.Onk discussion saying that the statement "age is a matter of God" is the most honest thing the doctor said.
According Sutjipto, until now, the cause of cancer is not known with certainty. Therefore, prevention efforts do not actually exist. The only business that can be done is to find breast cancer as early as possible so that treatment can be done to help a person to prolong life expectancy. "Death can occur at any time and do not need to have cancer," said Sutjipto seriously.
Bespectacled man also said that there are some breast cancer patients completely recovered after mastectomy. It happens because children spread of the cancer cell does not exist. So once performed a mastectomy, the cancer cells completely lost. Even so, he recognizes the cancer cells are unique cells. Once there was a case in which the patient's cancer cells that have been raised 20 years ago suddenly come into her office and complained of pain. Later it was discovered that the cancer cells had disappeared 20 years ago show up again in a different place. "We call it double primary," said Sutjipto.
To date, the frequency of breast cancer reached 20 percent of all cancers. According to data from the World Health Organization (WHO), each year the number of breast cancer increased by about 7 million. The latest poll in the world showed every 3 minutes was found with breast cancer and every 11 minutes a woman was found dead from breast cancer.
While in Indonesia, the average breast cancer patient is 10 out of 100 thousand women, making this disease is second cancer that is often found after cervical cancer.

"Western Therapy"
According Sutjipto, about 70 percent of breast cancer patients come to the hospital are at an advanced stage of the condition. The cause of delay in the patient came to the doctor's, among others, fear of surgery, believe in traditional medicine or paranormal and economic factors or the lack of any cost. "In fact, the higher the stage the possibility of recovery will drop to 15 percent," said Sutjipto.
He added that women should not underestimate if there is a lump in her breast. Although not all breast lumps mean cancer, but it does not hurt to do the inspection so we can be sure and quickly handled.
In addition to the lump, another thing to suspect is a cyst in the breast accompanied by discharge from the nipple. Strengthened by the discovery of signs of spread of cancer cells when examined by ultrasound or mammography.
Even from experience, Sutjipto could ensure a lump in the breast is cancerous or not just by touch. "If the lump is hard to hold and feels like a potato or meatballs that are in the fridge, then certainly the lump is cancerous," he explained.
If cancer cells are at an early stage to stage 3 then the therapy is carried out in the form of surgery, chemotherapy (anticancer drug), radiation or hormonal therapy. "But if it had reached stage 4, we can not do anything, except for chemotherapy and radiation," said Sutjipto.
Until the middle of the 19th century, breast cancer treatment is done only with the removal of the tumor only and proved ineffective. The average patient died in the first year or recurrence. In 1863, British scientist dr. Sir James Paget suggests that surgery is more extensive, but it also does not work. Then, between the years 1875-1882, Dr. Charles H. Moore therapy by lifting the breast tissue, popular with the term mastectomy. "But this was not successful because the cancer cells are growing again in the armpit to the shoulder blade," said Sutjipto. Year 1875-1882, conducted therapy with mastectomy and removal of lymph nodes in the armpit.
When the therapy is not well managed, Dr. Wilham Halsted radical mastectomy came up with the idea in 1882. Radical mastectomy is not only lift the breast tissue, but also muscle tissue in the back of the breast. As a result, the skin becomes so thin that ribs visible to the naked eye. According Sutjipto, the side effects of radical mastectomy is a great hand.
Thankfully, the "horror stories" Halsted is now unnecessary since found about radiotherapy technology in the 1940s. The breast cancer patients "only" need to undergo regular mastectomy followed by radiation therapy pascapembedahan. Plus, the anticancer drug discovery 25 years ago has been able to reduce the likelihood of cancer recurrence.
Since the 1980's, early-stage breast cancer to get the stage 2 surgical therapy followed by administration of radiation, known as breast conserving therapy. Also appearing method of sentinel node for early-stage breast cancer, the surgical method without the need to remove the entire breast tissue.
Interestingly, in the sentinel node before surgery follow the method for determining the lymph nodes that are affected by the cancer cells. According Sutjipto, this makes surgery more purposeful act, and not all of the lymph nodes are removed, thereby reducing side effects. After surgery followed by radiation and chemotherapy. Meanwhile, if the cancer cells have entered the third stage, the only action that can be done is a mastectomy, followed by chemotherapy and radiation.
However Sutjipto added that it did not forbid if a breast cancer patient did Eastern Therapy, namely traditional medicine using herbs or other therapies formula that is believed to cure. "If he believes that with the therapy, that's fine," he said. But in addition to traditional therapy, the patient should also do therapy medical treatment, popular with the term Western Therapy. Due to medical therapy, at least the doctor can scientifically track the spread of cancer cells and perform treatment formula that has been tested truth. "Until now, there has been no case in which medical treatment conflict with traditional medicine," said Sutjipto. (San)

Avoid Breast Cancer Early

Nobody wants a woman suffering from breast cancer, including you and me. But the lack of knowledge about the disease, make us complacent. The result can be serious, and therefore at a time we need to check our breasts to avoid this terrible disease.
From inspection, we will be able to anticipate if there are strange signs with our breasts. The traits that are not healthy breast is not symmetrical nipples, nipples are interested in, such as the breast skin wrinkled orange rind and discharge from the nipple.
To know more about the condition of your breasts, frequent checks. This can not be done by a specialist, you can also do it at home. Step breast examination:
Observe
1. Standing in front of the mirror and look at your breasts one by one. Check: size, shape, color, line symmetry or shape of the breast and nipple color.
2. Raise your arms high over his head and look at the breast from side to side. Raba-Handle gently.
3. Press your hands in the groin and push it towards the front of the shoulder. Examine your breasts one by one.
Feel
1. Standing in front of the mirror and start doing checks just below the collarbone.
2. Wet your fingertips with the left hand body lotion. Press gently right breast with his left hand and make a small circle round breasts in a circular motion over the entire breast including the nipple.
3. Continue checking the breast tissue under the armpit.
4. Do the same thing on the left breast, using the right hand.
5. Lie down and raise one arm you exceed the head.
Please check once again right with the left breast and felt it. Make a note of the results of the examination today and mark your calendars for the examination next month. If from the examination, you Feel the odd thing please do not hesitate to consult a doctor immediately. (Mydoc / Tutut)
Avoid Breast Cancer Early

Nobody wants a woman suffering from breast cancer, including you and me. But the lack of knowledge about the disease, make us complacent. The result can be serious, and therefore at a time we need to check our breasts to avoid this terrible disease.
From inspection, we will be able to anticipate if there are strange signs with our breasts. The traits that are not healthy breast is not symmetrical nipples, nipples are interested in, such as the breast skin wrinkled orange rind and discharge from the nipple.

To know more about the condition of your breasts, frequent checks. This can not be done by a specialist, you can also do it at home. Step breast examination:

Observe

1. Standing in front of the mirror and look at your breasts one by one. Check: size, shape, color, line symmetry or shape of the breast and nipple color.

2. Raise your arms high over his head and look at the breast from side to side. Raba-Handle gently.

3. Press your hands in the groin and push it towards the front of the shoulder. Examine your breasts one by one.

Feel

1. Standing in front of the mirror and start doing checks just below the collarbone.

2. Wet your fingertips with the left hand body lotion. Press gently right breast with his left hand and make a small circle round breasts in a circular motion over the entire breast including the nipple.

3. Continue checking the breast tissue under the armpit.

4. Do the same thing on the left breast, using the right hand.

5. Lie down and raise one arm you exceed the head.

I hope this information useful for my friend ... 

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